Complete Smile Dental Fri, 08 Jul 2022 14:20:48 +0000 en-AU hourly 1 Complete Smile Dental 32 32 Invisalign Full, Lite and Express (minor orthodontic treatments) Fri, 08 Jul 2022 14:02:56 +0000 Ever thought about correcting misaligned teeth or an uneven bite as complications can increase as time goes by. Invisalign now have a range of options available with Invisalign Express, Lite or Full. Treatments can vary from as little as 4 months but time often ranges between 12 to 18 months for the full treatment depending on the complexity.

Invisible and discreet when wearing and easy to remove, Invisalign clear aligners are made to be the right fit to your individual needs. Each set are worn daily and switched to a new set usually every two weeks while gradually shifting your teeth to their final positions. Throughout the treatment period, a new and improved smile should become noticeable.

What treatment options

Invisalign Express achieves results in approximately 3 months, Invisalign Lite results are a little longer at 6-7 months and both are suitable for adults who have minor orthodontic issues with their front teeth. Additionally, they can also be used for minor cosmetic corrections to enhance your smile. Invisalign-i7-lite

Invisalign Full is usually a 12 to 24 month treatment period and are ideal for adults with mild to moderate orthodontic issues. Utilizing a series of clear plastic aligners which are less painful and easy to maintain they are the modern alternative to metal braces. Invisalign-full


Invisalign Express


Why the difference

Invisalign Express and Lite can correct simple malocclusion issues with the following clinical criteria. No greater than 2mm of crowding or spacing within the top and bottom rows of teeth or any necessary midline correction. Also no greater than 1.5mm of necessary dental expansion minimal rotation of incisors, cuspids and bicuspids.

Invisalign Full benefits are a better smile with increased confidence and more natural facial aesthetics. An aligned bite for improved chewing and biting ability resulting in a lower risk of wear and tear of previously misaligned teeth from an uneven bite. Easier oral care and improved hygiene with more level tooth surfaces giving better oral health by preventing plaque developing in previously hard to reach places.

3D scanning technology

Being touch free, comfortable and precise your dentist uses an iTero intraoral scanner to map out your new smile using 3D images taken by the iTero Element scanner. Able to take 6,000 images per second to accurately track progress you also get a custom treatment plan that’s right for you. Don’t delay and put your oral health at risk

How is obesity linked to gum inflammation and jaw bone loss? Fri, 15 Apr 2022 05:12:58 +0000 In a recently published study by the University of Buffalo, School of Dental Medicine, N.Y., new evidence shows people who are overweight may experience chronic inflammation leading to the development of dental bone loss.

More specifically, this bone loss occurred in jawbone that surrounds and supports your teeth. As this underlying bone breaks down and shrinks, your teeth can become loose and drift. Other consequences include gum shrinkage, inflamed periodontal pockets and gum bleeding after brushing.

The connection between a high-fat diet and obesity/inflammation/bone loss

Oral inflammation and other inflammatory bone-related conditions are well known to develop concurrently with long term obesity and other systemic health issues such as gum disease, osteoporosis and arthritis.

However, the links between obesity and gum disease (periodontitis) have been poorly understood since further research was required to examine the connection. But now, since the U.S. study, a causational link between the two conditions has been established. Using study data from two groups of mice that were fed a high- and low-fat diet, the researchers discovered some very interesting results in relation to inflammation.

In the high-fat group, the subjects experienced obesity, more inflammation and a significant increase in myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in the bone marrow, in comparison to the low-fat group. As a result of the MDSC increase, the high-fat group also saw an increase of osteoclasts which can lead to bone tissue breakdown, including that of the alveolar bone.

How do MDSCs, osteoclasts and alveolar bone loss contribute to adverse oral conditions?

In the U.B. study, researchers found that as the high-fat test group experienced higher levels of inflammation, their MDSC levels increased accordingly. MDSCs are immature myeloid cells released by bone marrow and the spleen in the event of inflammation. When they accumulate, they can suppress the immune system by blocking T-cell responses and decreasing immune monitoring and anti-tumour immune functions.

Another consequence of the formation of MDSCs is the development of osteoclasts. Oesteoclasts are specialised cells that when released, move to small depressions within bone surfaces. When osteoclast enzymatic activity is at chronic high levels, it leads to the continuous degradation and destruction of bone tissue via erosion, in a process called bone resorption. This process also releases minerals and the transfer of calcium to the blood. One side effect of resorption is vascular and aortic calcification. But it gets worse!

One type of bone loss that the U.B. researchers observed in the high-fat group was alveolar bone loss.

What is alveolar bone loss?

Alveolar bone loss is not the kind of bone loss you need if you want to keep your teeth! Alveolar bone is part of the mandbular and maxillary jaw bone. It surrounds each of your teeth to form tooth sockets. When alveolar bone starts breaking down, your teeth essentially lose their support structures in the jaw bone, and can become loose, start to drift and eventually lose support altogether.

Additionally, as mineral density decreases in alveolar bone as a result of resorption, alveolar bone becomes more susceptible contamination by pathogenic oral bacteria – the type that cause periodontal disease. This increases your risk of tooth loss by yet another factor!

How can Invisalign before veneers improve treatment outcomes? Thu, 31 Mar 2022 07:15:55 +0000 A lot of time poor people, seeking veneers to improve the shape of their teeth, want to dive straight into treatment with their cosmetic dentist. However, it pays to see an orthodontist – in joint consultation with the cosmetic dentist – beforehand. This is because if you have a misaligned bite or crooked teeth, your cosmetic dentist is going to have to file away natural tooth structure prior to fitting and aligning the veneers.

When prepping for veneers, there is always a requirement to reduce the tooth structure so that veneers can be aligned into a perfectly straight row. But if your teeth are already in alignment via Invisalign before veneer treatment, this results in minimal tooth prep. In most cases, the removal of only a very tiny amount of tooth enamel may be all that’s required. With this more conservative approach it is possible to retain more of your natural tooth structure for better stability and better long term oral health.

However, not all patients require teeth straightening before veneers. It all depends on your level of misalignment and the results you desire. Your cosmetic dentist can advise on the best treatment plan and all possible options to achieve a successful end result.


Invisalign treatment may negate the need for veneers altogether

It’s important to understand the differences between Invisalign and veneers. Invisalign is treatment that is a great way to straighten and align crooked teeth only. On the other hand, veneers correct colour, shape and create the ‘appearance’ of straight teeth.

If you opt for Invisalign first, you may find that upon completing treatment that your smile is almost perfect except for a few discolouration issues and defects in your individual teeth’s shape and form. In this case, you may be able to forgo veneer treatment altogether.

Once in perfect alignment, your cosmetic dentist can professionally whiten your teeth for starters. Then for any minor tooth defects such as uneven shape, chips and wear, your cosmetic dentist can apply composite resin bonding to fix them up. Composite bonding is a modern dental technique that is used to incrementally build up the edges and structure of individual teeth with tooth-coloured resin. The adhesive materials used in this process bond permanently in single or multiple applications and last a very long time.




Healthy Smile Dental provides conservative smile makeovers for better oral health outcomes

The treatment options with regards to veneers mentioned above discuss treatment options that vary in time, expense and results. To understand the smile makeover options that best suit you, come in and have a consultation with one of our cosmetic dentists.

You’ll receive an examination and assessment after which we can explain the most effective treatment options – whether it’s Invisalign, veneers or other potential treatment options. We fully inform you on the risks, benefits and costs involved, as well as answer any queries you have so that you’re able to make an informed decision on your preferred treatment plan.

Limit your child’s sugary food & drink intake to prevent tooth erosion Fri, 26 Nov 2021 13:50:56 +0000 Keeping your child’s teeth clean & plaque-free is not a guarantee in itself for healthy teeth and gums. Your child’s teeth can erode even if their teeth are squeaky clean. Tooth erosion results from direct exposure to food acids, while tooth decay is caused by bacterial acid by-products.

Avoid feeding your child acidic sugary foods and beverages. These cause most tooth erosion issues in Australian children in recent years. For example, if a child slowly sips on acidic soft drinks or munches confectionary, their teeth gets acid soaked long enough for tooth surfaces to start dissolving. Over consumption of sugary beverages can lead to general health issues also, such as obesity and diabetes.

How much sugar should a child consume?

Generally, children aged less than 2 years should consume no added sugar. For children over 2 years and teenagers, recommended added sugar intake is 12.5-25 grams (3 to 6 teaspoons) – adjusted for age. Check food/drink product labels to determine the product’s added sugar content so you can calculate and manage your child’s daily added sugar intake within recommended limits.

Watch out for these sugary beverage favourites for kids

  • Fruit juice flavoured drinks 250ml: >27 grams or about 7 teaspoons of sugar
  • Can of soft drink 375ml: >38 grams or 9 teaspoons of sugar
  • Small bottle of soft drink 600ml: >64 grams or 15 teaspoons of sugar
  • Small flavoured milk 300ml: >28 grams or 7 teaspoons of sugar
  • Large flavoured milk 600ml: >56 grams or 14 teaspoons of sugar
What type of filling do you need for your cavity? Sun, 01 Mar 2020 10:15:34 +0000 Tooth fillings are essential dental treatment to help repair and restore function to teeth with small to medium cavities. While most people know what different types of fillings are available, not so many know which ones are more suitable for the cavity they have.


Fillings for pit and fissure cavities

Pit and fissure cavities usually occur on molars, the back teeth you use for chewing food. It’s very easy for food residue to be caught in all the nooks and crannies on the chewing surfaces of molars. As a result, these are the very same areas where plaque, decay and cavities are more likely to develop.

Since your molars undergo relatively high stresses when chewing, the best type of filling to withstand these forces are silver amalgam or metal fillings (gold). These types of fillings are strong, durable and ideal for molars. With regular use, they can last as long as 15 years or more. Composite (resin) and ceramic fillings are less durable and can be used on molars that perform moderate chewing but they won’t last as long on molars used for heavy chewing.


Fillings for smooth surface cavities

Smooth surface cavities occur – as the name suggests – on the flat and smooth  exterior surfaces of your teeth including those in the front and side of your mouth. Cavities are less prone to develop in these areas because they have thicker enamel and are easier to clean, making it more difficult for plaque and decay to develop. Approximal smooth surfaces, in which one tooth touches another, are more difficult to maintain.

Though fairly uncommon, smooth surface cavities can occur, especially if you don’t brush your teeth thoroughly or often enough. The good news is that they are easier to treat. If the cavity is minor, then you may only need fluoride varnish or a small specialised resin filling instead of a normal filling. On the other hand, if the cavity has progressed to an actual hole, then composite or ceramic fillings are your best options. They also have a better appearance on these “front-end” tooth surfaces than amalgam or metal fillings unless you prefer the metal look.


Fillings for root cavities

Root cavities are situated on the root surfaces of your teeth below the gum line. They are most likely to occur in older adults with receding gum lines. Once your gums recede, exposed root surfaces are more vulnerable to decay because they are not enamelised, unlike tooth surfaces above the gum line.

Composite or ceramic fillings are suitable filling options for root cavities unless the decay has penetrated through to your tooth pulp, in which case a root canal treatment may be advised by your dentist.


Types of cavities Fri, 24 Jan 2020 03:00:44 +0000 Where do hidden cavities occur in your mouth?

Complete-smile-dental-cavities-look teeth mirror

Not all tooth decay and cavities lie in plain sight.

You may check out all your tooth surfaces in the mirror while you brush your teeth and not see a thing. However, chances are there may be caries or a cavity in the tooth surfaces that you cannot see in the mirror – and these hidden areas add up to  approximately 50% of your total tooth surfaces!

So don’t trust what you see or can’t see in the mirror. Trust what your dentist can accurately identify via specialised dental tools, instruments and digital x-rays!

What are cavities?

Cavities are decaying areas of your teeth that have penetrated the tooth enamel through to the inner tooth.

Typically, decay or caries progress slowly through tiny holes and/or deepening fissures in tooth enamel until the inner tooth surfaces (dentin) are exposed. Once this occurs, decay can progress quite quickly through the relatively soft dentin. This decay process can mushroom within the dentin to form a cavity – similar to a cave with a small opening.


Pit or fissure cavities – the most visible type of cavity

The type of cavity you can spot easily enough in the mirror is a pit or fissure cavity. These cavities occur on the chewing-side surfaces of your upper and lower molars.

Decay and cavities are easy enough to spot on your lower molars but try inspecting the chewing surfaces and back areas of your upper back molars. It’s rather difficult without a dental tool such as a stainless steel dental mirror.

Smooth surface and root cavities – the most secretive types of cavities

The most hard-to-spot and hard-to-reach areas in your mouth are the tooth surfaces that are going to collect more plaque and eventually develop into tooth decay and cavities. These include areas between your teeth and on your tooth roots below the gum line.

The types of cavities that may develop in these areas include:

  • Smooth surface cavities
  • Root cavities

Preventing cavities is better than fixing your teeth

Fortunately, your dentist can treat plaque, tartar, decay/caries and cavities, as well as restore your damaged tooth.

However, prevention is better than a compromised tooth – so ensure you clean 100% of your tooth surfaces thoroughly and frequently with whatever it takes – whether that be a toothbrush, floss, interdental brush and/or a water pikster. Even xylitol-sweetened chewing gum can help for those after meal moments.

Additionally, snacking on junk food and sipping sugary soft drinks frequently should also be avoided since their residue on your teeth is what causes plaque to develop in the first place.


How to help older adults maintain good oral health Fri, 06 Dec 2019 05:06:00 +0000 In the past, older adults experienced tooth loss much sooner than our present generation of seniors. As a result, they replaced their missing teeth with dentures at an earlier age. While today’s older adults enjoy better overall oral health and tooth retention than those in the past, with this improvement new complications have arisen.

Just because an older adult manages to retain more teeth into old age, it doesn’t mean that those teeth are problem free. It could actually be the opposite. Those who have moved on from the experience of losing all their teeth, usually have a far simpler oral care routine with a reduced risk of oral infection.

Older adults with high tooth retention may experience more complex oral issues

On the other hand, older adults with greater tooth retention have a more complex task with maintaining the health of teeth and gums that are more vulnerable to decay; preventing or managing gum disease; and dealing with the impact of poor oral health on their general health and lifestyle.

If you are a carer or family member caring and/or monitoring an older adult in their day-to-day life, you can help them with the following tips to help them maintain good oral health.


Tips for helping older adults to maintain good oral health:

  • Ensure a soft ergonomic manual or electric toothbrush is used correctly.
  • Ensure teeth and/or dentures and tongue are cleaned twice daily – morning and night.
  • Use fluoride toothpaste and mouth rinses to help strengthen and protect teeth.
  • Drink tap water throughout the day when thirsty. Tap water has fluoride added to help protect teeth from decay. If their mouth is too dry, ensure they sip water to keep it hydrated. A dry mouth can lead to tooth decay.
  • Avoid medications that can cause dry mouth and those with added sugar. Check for alternative options with their doctor.
  • Ensure healthy and nutritious food options are selected and eaten. Limit or avoid refined food and drinks with added sugars.
  • Ensure dentures are cleaned and rinsed to remove food residue and plaque after every meal. Dentures are prone to developing fungal infections.
  • Ensure oral health checks by dentists occur at intervals that correspond with their oral health needs, and take older adults to a dentist promptly if acute oral issues arise.



Dental care for older Australians needs urgent overhaul Sat, 26 Oct 2019 07:53:31 +0000 The oral health of older Australians is getting worse due to inadequate dental care according to the Australian Dental Association (ADA) – with the most disadvantaged group being those situated in rural and remote areas.

Furthermore, the rates of decay, cavities and periodontal (gum) disease are the highest among Australians aged 65 years and over. Compounding these oral health issues is the inability of many older Australians to self maintain their oral care and hygiene, as well as to seek or be provided with professional dental care. In short, older Australians and aged care recipients need more help and resources to improve oral health care outcomes.

Risk factors of poor oral health among older Australians

The ADA has been proposing to the Australian Government that they address two key systemic factors preventing older Australians from accessing adequate dental care and achieving optimal oral health. These include:

  • Better and timelier access to dental care.

There are long waiting lists when seeking dental care in the public dental system. Additionally, good-value private health insurance has become increasingly unaffordable for older Australians.

  • The lack of daily oral care provided for aged care recipients.

Due to the funding, staffing, assessment and service shortcomings of aged care providers, the daily oral care and hygiene needs of aged care recipients are not being adequately provided for.

For older Australians living in rural and remote areas, transport issues can also prevent them from gaining timely access to private or public dental care services.

ADA’s submission to the Royal Commission into aged care quality and safety

The ADA has presented a submission to the Royal Commission that lists 13 evidence-based recommendations. If implemented by the Federal Government, these recommendations could greatly improve oral health outcomes for older Australians and aged care recipients.


The most significant and urgent recommendation issued by the ADA is that disadvantaged older Australians should have access to a Pensioner/Elderly Dental Benefits Schedule, similar to the $1000 Children Dental Benefits Schedule (CDBS) for children aged 2-17 years. A Commonwealth-funded scheme of this nature would help cover the costs of older Australians receiving timely and much-needed dental care from a private dental practice.

To read more about the ADA’s submission to the Royal Commission, you can read the full 28 page document by clicking the following link:

Taking out private dental health insurance Sat, 10 Aug 2019 04:44:39 +0000 Life is full of the unforeseeable, but as long as you’re prepared for the worst, you’ll always come out on top. That’s why taking out private dental health cover is the best way to ensure that you get the treatment you need, in the event of an unexpected oral condition or emergency.

Extras dental cover

Private dental insurance is obtainable under a type of private health insurance known as extras or ancillary cover. This type of insurance covers you for treatment by “ancillary” health service providers such as dentists/dental specialists, optometrists, physiotherapists, chiropractors and the ambulance.

Types of extras dental cover

There are 2 types of extras dental cover:

  1. General dental covers basic preventative dental treatment, including checkups, examinations, dental cleaning & polishing, fluoride treatments, minor fillings and X-rays.
  2. Major dental covers more complex dental treatment, including crowns, bridges, braces, implants, root canal therapy, gum disease treatment, dentures and oral surgery.

You generally cannot get extras cover for elective dental treatment such as cosmetic dental which includes receiving teeth straightening, teeth whitening, veneer and bonding treatment – to enhance your appearance. However, any of these treatments may be covered if the purpose of receiving such treatment is to restore oral function and health.

Which extras cover suits your situation?

If you are a young single or couple and your oral health is good, general preventative dental cover is usually sufficient to cover your needs and prevent more serious oral health complications.

However, if you are involved in risky activities, have a family or are over 40, you may need to consider extras cover options for major dental work such as implants, crowns, braces and dentures. There is a higher cost involved in extras cover but in the long term, you can significantly reduce potentially costly dental fees and save more money.


Other extras cover considerations

Make sure you find exactly what potential insurers will and won’t cover. When selecting extras dental cover compare “no gap” options, out-of-pocket expenses, annual limits and waiting periods between different insurers to work out which health fund works best for you.

Visiting an unbiased comparison website such as can save you time and money when checking out the 100s of policies on offer by health funds. Keep in mind that in Australia, recent trends show that health fund premiums have been increasing, while extras rebates haven’t.

Childhood stress found to cause thinner tooth enamel formation Fri, 28 Jun 2019 07:27:42 +0000 Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, have made important findings regarding the formation of tooth enamel and the related oral health complications for children.

The American researchers presented their findings, earlier this year, at the 2019 meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The presenter of those findings, Dr. W. Thomas Boyce, explained that exfoliated teeth (i.e. primary teeth in children that have fallen out) contained a permanent record of environmental stress levels up until their initial eruption. Additionally, these stresses impacted on the formation of enamel of children’s teeth during development.

Tooth enamel formation & degeneration

The formation and development of tooth enamel builds up layer by layer on teeth, until they are ready to erupt from the gums. It is the hardest tissue in the human body, and is extremely wear resistant. It has a hardness that is comparable to window glass, and it needs to be because enamel protects dentin – the tooth’s softer inner layer which makes up the bulk of a tooth’s structure. Dentin is still harder than human bone, but extremely vulnerable once exposed.


However, tooth enamel has one major flaw. It cannot regenerate or self repair. Once it’s gone, it’s gone! Any enamel loss is irreversible. There are a number of reasons why we lose our tooth enamel, including wear, an acidic diet, poor oral care & hygiene, and tooth decay.

How stress hinders enamel formation

According to Dr. Boyce, the more a child is exposed to chronic stress, the thinner and less dense each individual layer of enamel becomes. Stress can come from problems at school, family relationships, mental and/or physical abuse, lack of sleep and a noisy environment.

When children (and adults) experience chronic stress, a lot more of the stress hormone, cortisol, is produced in their bodies. And it is a constant high concentration of cortisol in the blood and saliva that affects the formation of each new layer of enamel during oral development.

The oral health complications of thin tooth enamel

Since loss of tooth enamel during one’s lifetime is inevitable, it pays to be equipped with teeth that have a thick, healthy layer of enamel from an early age. This ensures that as an adult, you have hardier and more durable teeth that can better withstand the “abuse” from a lifetime of use and/or neglect.

If you are a parent, it is important to provide a stress-free environment for your child, along with a healthy diet, good oral care and regular dental checkups, to ensure their oral health – now and in the future.